What is an Education Health and Care (EHC) Assessment and Plan?

An EHC needs assessment is a detailed look at the special educational needs (SEN) of a child or young person and the support he or she may need in order to learn. Local authorities are responsible for carrying out EHC needs assessments under the Children and Families Act 2014. The needs assessment brings together information about what your child can and cannot do and the special help they need. It includes information from: you, your child, the early years’ setting or school and other professionals who work with or support your child. The assessment is to see if your child needs an Education, Health and Care plan (EHC plan).

An Education, Health and Care plan (EHC plan) describes your child’s special educational needs (SEN) and the help they will get to meet them. An EHC plan also includes any health and care provision that is needed. It is a legal document written by the local authority and is intended to ensure that children and young people with an EHC plan receive the support they need. EHC plans are for children and young people who need more support than their school or other setting can provide. The plans can start from a child’s birth and continue into further education and training.

More information:

Education Health and Care Needs Assessments
Easy Read EHC Needs Assessments
Education Health and Care Plans
Personal Budgets
Easy Read Personal Budgets


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